Important Tech terms to learn for techies

Frontend development

1. Front End :
The Part of a website or app that is visible to users

HTML

2. Element

HTML code made up of an opening tag, a closing tag, and information between them
Example: 〈p〉This is my paragraph!〈/p〉

3. Attribute 

More information about the element contents that are in the opening tag and made up of the attribute name, an equal sign, and a value in double quotes. Example: alt=”My image”

4. HTML5

The most current version of HTML

5.  META ELEMENTS

Elements that give the browser more information about the whole web page
Example: title, link, meta

6. OPENING TAG & CLOSING TAG

Set of angle brackets with an HTML element character that contains a piece of content or part of the structure for a web page
Example of opening tag: 〈p〉
Example of closing tag: 〈/p〉

7. SELF-CLOSING TAG

Opening tag that doesn’t have a closing tag but instead “closes itself” with a forward slash before the right angle bracket
Example: 〈img src=”http://example.com/myimage.jpg” alt=”My image”/〉

8. STRUCTURAL ELEMENT

Element that helps organize the content of a web page
Example: h1, p, div, span

CSS

9. CSS
Cascading Style Sheets
Code to tell browsers how to format and style HTML for a web page.

10. CSS3
The most current version of CSS

11. DECLARATION
CSS code inside pair of curly brackets which has property and value for the selector
Example: {font-size: 1.5em;}

12.  PROPERTY
Characteristic of the HTML changed by CSS. Example: font-size, color, margin

13. SELECTOR
Part of CSS code that tells which HTML element the styling is for
Example with p as selector: p {font-size: 12px;}

14. VALUE
Setting for a CSS property
Example: 1.5em, red, 20px

Backend development

15. API
Application Programming Interface
How computers and web applications share information with each other

16. APPLICATION
Type of software also called “app” and often used to refer to mobile device software

17. BACK END
Part of a website or web service that makes it work and includes applications, web servers, and databases. This part of  a website or application is usually hidden to the end-users.

18. BUG
An error or mistake in piece of code that forms part of a website or program that keeps the website or program from working like it should

19. FRAMEWORK
Collection of programs and components used in software development
Example: Ruby on Rails, Bootstrap, AngularJS, Laravel

20. OBJECT-ORIENTED PROGRAMMING (OOP)
A Programming paradigm that allows the creation of objects that have specific and unique attributes and abilities. Example of OOP language: Ruby, PHP, Python, C#

21. TEXT EDITOR
Software used to write plain text (with no formatting) that’s used for coding and programming
Example: SublimeText, TextEdit, TextWrangler, Notepad++.

22. VERSION CONTROL
System to keep track of changes to code and files and allows going back to earlier versions. Example: Git

Share this: