Important tech terms to learn for techies – Part II

We have found some terms we think is important for techies to know. Whether you are just starting out as a techie or you are an experienced techie, you might want to have a look at these terms. This post is a continuation of this post.

Systems

23. CACHING

When a web browser stores assets, like images and styles, so that the website will load faster on the next visit from the same user

24. CLOUD COMPUTING

Storing and accessing information and services via the Internet

25. FIREWALL

System to protect a trusted computer network, like a home network, from security risks from an external one, like the Internet

26. ROUTER

Device used to connect personal computers to the Internet via a network like cable or DSL

27. UPTIME & DOWNTIME

How long a website, computer, or system has been working (uptime) or not working (downtime)

28. VIRTUAL MACHINE (VM)

Software that makes it possible to use one computer operating system on a computer running another system
Example: running Windows 8 on a MacBook Pro

29. VPN – VIRTUAL PRIVATE NETWORK

Network that allows the Internet to be used like it was connected to a private network (instead of a public one) and so can improve security

DATA

30. BIG DATA

Massively large sets of digital information

31. DATA ARCHITECTURE

The structure with which data is collected, stored, accessed, and used in companies and organizations

32. DATABASE

collection of electronic information or data

33. DATA VISUALIZATION

Using graphs, charts, tables, infographics, etc. to better tell about data and findings from it

34. RELATIONAL DATABASE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

System for handling digital information using tables
Example: Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL

Mobile

35. HYBRID APP

Application that will work on different platforms

36. IDE

Integrated development environment
Application used for software development
Example: Eclipse, Visual Studio, VIM

37. NATIVE APP

Application that’s been made specifically for a certain device platform
Example: Mail for iOS; Ingress for Android

38. NFC

Near Field Communication
Technology that lets mobile and other devices communicate using radio waves when they’re very close to each other (about 4 inches or less) and is used for services like sharing files, pairing with accessories, or wireless payments

39. RESPONSIVE

Website that adapts gracefully to different-sized devices like phones, tablets, wearable devices, etc.

40. SDK

Software Development Kit
Set of tools for creating certain kinds of software

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