11 popular programming languages that can help you land a job

“Software is eating the world,” venture capitalist Marc Andreessen famously declared. Someone has to write that software. Why not you?

There are thousands of programming languages, but some are far more popular than others. When a company goes out to find new programming talent, they’re looking for people familiar with the languages and systems they already use — and they don’t always want to experiment with newcomers like Google Go or Apple Swift.

Here are the programming languages you should learn if you always want to have a job, as suggested by the popular TIOBE Index and Redmonk Programming Language Rankings.

  1. Java:  Originally invented in 1991 as a programming language for smart televisions, Oracle’s Java is now the most popular language in the world — a position solidified by the fact that Java is crucial to Android app development and lots of business software.
  2. PHP: This language for programming web sites is incredibly common — some estimates say it powers one-third of the web. Big sites like WordPress, Facebook, and Yahoo use it. A lot of programmers also hate PHP with a passion — Stack Exchange founder Jeff Atwood once wrote “PHP isn’t so much a language as a random collection of arbitrary stuff, a virtual explosion at the keyword and function factory.”
  3. Perl: Originally developed by a NASA engineer in the late eighties, Perl excels at processing text, and developers like it because it’s powerful and flexible. It was once famously described as “the duct tape of the web,” because it’s really great at holding websites together, but it’s not the most elegant language.
  4. C: One of the oldest programming languages still in common use, C was created in the early 1970s. In 1978, the language’s legendary and still widely read manual, the 800-page “The C Programming Language,” saw print for the first time.
  5. Objective-C: The original C programming language was so influential that it inspired a lot of similarly named successors, all of which took their inspiration from the original but added features from other languages. Objective-C has grown in popularity as the standard language to build iPhone apps, though Apple’s been pushing its own Swift language, too.
  6. Javascript: This is a super-popular programming language primarily used in web apps. But it doesn’t have much to do with Java besides the name. JavaScript runs a lot of the modern web, but it also catches a lot of flak for slowing browsers down and sometimes exposing users to security vulnerabilities.
  7. Visual Basic:Microsoft’s Visual Basic (and its successor, Visual Basic .NET) tries to make programming easier with a graphical element that lets you change portions of a program by dragging and dropping. It’s old, and some think it’s lacking features next to other languages, but with Microsoft’s backing, it’s still got its users out there.
  8. Ruby: Like Python, developers like this 24-year-old language because it’s easy to read and write the code. Also popular is Rails, an add-on framework for Ruby that makes it really easy to use it to build web apps. The language’s official motto is “A programmer’s best friend.”
  9. Python: This language traces back to 1989, and is loved by its fans for its highly readable code. Many programmers suggest it’s the easiest language to get started with.
  10. CSS:Short for “Cascading Style Sheets,” CSS is a programming language to design the format and layout of a website. A lot of website menus and mobile app menus are written with CSS, in conjunction with JavaScript and garden-variety HTML.
  11. C#: Pronounced “C Sharp”. Microsoft’s C#  is an elegant and type-safe object-oriented language that enables developers to build a variety of secure and robust applications that run on the .NET Framework. You can use C# to create Windows client applications, XML Web services, distributed components, client-server applications, database applications, and much, much more. C# is popular within the banking software industry

 

Some part of this post originally appeared on DevBattles

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  • Anonymous

    Css is not a programming language

    • charles

      I assume you are a software programmer who is of the opinion that CSS is some kind of baby that doesn’t belong to the class of programming languages.

      However, just saying CSS is not a programming language is not enough. You should have corrected our error by telling us what CSS is exactly.